How To Pass A Bill in 8 Steps
The process is both seamless yet complex.
1. Be introduced
2. Be heard in committee
3. Be voted out of committee
4. Be pulled to the floor
5. Pass out of House or Senate
6. Repeat steps 2-5 in the opposite house
7. Be agreed upon by the House and Senate
8. Be signed into law by the governor
It appears seamless however, it is far more complex to get a bill passed. Every step of the way there are actions to take, people to persuade, and timing to be aware of. Here is a brief glimpse at some of the details that take a bill from introduction to the governor’s desk.To become an official law, a bill must follow the process below
1. Be Introduced: Before a bill is even introduced, you need to: come up with an idea, find a Senator or Representative to sponsor it, draft the bill, gather signatures from other legislators and then introduce your bill by dropping it in the hopper.
2. Be Heard in Committee: Once your bill is introduced, it is assigned to a committee. You’ll need support from the Committee Chair if you want a hearing—or at least get them interested in hearing more. If your bill receives a hearing, it’s an opportunity to bring in members of the public to show their support (this takes a lot of work!).
3. Be Voted out of Committee: You’ll need to make sure a majority of the committee supports your bill, or it won’t move forward. This means lots of meetings, phone calls and advocacy efforts.
4. Be Pulled to the Floor: This is where most bills meet a slow death. After a bill is passed out of committee it goes to the Rules Committee, which decides which bills will receive a vote. You’ll need to ask a member of the Rules Committee to conduct a “rules pull” so your bill can be voted upon. Aaron Barna
5. Pass out of the House or Senate: Once your bill makes it to the floor, you’ll need to make sure it gets a majority or it’s dead. This means even more meetings, publicity and advocacy efforts.
6. Repeat steps 2-5 in the Opposite House: After your bill passes out of the House or Senate it has to go through steps 2-5 again, this time in the opposite house. Currently in Olympia the House and Senate are controlled by two different political parties—so your bill had better appeal to both of them!
7. Be Agreed upon by the House and Senate: Your bill needs to pass out of the House or Senate with the exact same wording. If that doesn’t happen because of amendments, it’s sent to a Concurrence Committee, a group of legislators who will try to reconcile the two drafts. This isn’t always easy, especially if it’s a contentious policy. If your bill makes it through this process, it goes to the Governor’s desk.
8. Be Signed into law by the Governor! The Governor can sign your bill, refuse to sign it, or veto it. If the Governor doesn’t sign your bill within a certain timeframe it automatically becomes law. If the Governor vetoes your bill it can still become law if both the House and Senate vote to override the veto (but this requires a 2/3 vote).
As you can see, passing a bill is difficult—and most bills that are introduced in a legislative session fail. Sometimes it takes years to get a policy passed. But when a bill finally does receive the governor’s signature, It’s a win for all those involved.